The Chihuahua’s origins are unclear; however, they are theorized to be descendants of the Techichi. The Techichi originate from Central or South America and were believed by the Aztecs to have “mystical” powers. They were thought to have the ability to help transport souls of the dead to the underworld, see into the future and heal loved ones. It wasn’t until the 1850s that the original Chihuahua was founded in the state of Chihuahua, located in Mexico. Over time, they were brought to the U.S. and by the 1960s, were considered to be one of the most popular breeds across the country.
Due to their tenacity and extreme loyalty, the Chihuahua is considered to be a great guard dog! Chihuahua owners may notice that their furry little friends never leave their side and can be very vocal when other people approach. This is due to their uncertainty toward strangers which can be a benefit; however, if not socialized properly, Chis can prove themselves to be a difficult breed! It is important, as with all dogs, to ensure that Chihuahuas are socialized at an early age in order to give them the ability to familiarize themselves with new situations in preparation for occasions where their owner has to leave the care of their dog in the hands of another or on occasions when there is another dog passing on the same sidewalk during daily walks.
As mentioned before, Chihuahua owners will notice that their dog never leaves their side, as they shouldn’t! Due to their small stature, the Chihuahua can easily be perceived as prey by larger animals such as large birds and other carnivorous creatures native to the land that the Chihuahua resides. It is also important to keep a watch out for other family members such as larger dogs or younger children, as again, because of their size, the Chihuahua can become more easily injured. If observed, one will notice that the Chihuahua shakes frequently. They are known to be easily excitable so it is always important to give Chihuahuas a sense of security in their own homes as it is equally as much their territory as it is their owners'!
Chihuahuas are seen as “lower maintenance” due to the fact that they are much easier to groom. This is because of not only their size, but the length of their coats. While this is true, it is important to never skip grooming. Lower maintenance does not substitute for no maintenance. The same is thought to be true for their exercise requirements. Contrary to popular belief, they actually typically have very high energy. The Chihuahua can leap and bound just as much as any other sized dog. They will chase and retrieve until beyond the point of exhaustion if uncareful. It is always important to check on the health and regulate the energy of the Chihuahua during exercise as smaller dogs are known to over heat much easier than larger dogs. Always check for red gums, dry noses, loss in skin elasticity and excessive panting. These are signs of not just overheating but dehydration as well.
The Chihuahua is such a lovable breed, not just because of their bright personality and willingness to please, but because of their honest nature of companionship. Today, this is the main reason for adopting these little guys. Who can blame their owners? It is so easy to become attached to this breed once they have decided they will accept you. Their ability to be happy as long as their “person” is around and their attempts at keeping their family safe truly make this breed a one-of-a-kind.