The Dachshund originates from Germany and were bred about 600 years ago! They were bred strictly to hunt badgers and, fun fact, their name actually translates to “Badger Dog” in German. Badgers are known to be mean little creatures when threatened, with long teeth and claws, so if that doesn’t show how tenacious and courageous this breed is, we aren’t sure what will. Dachshunds were bred with multiple kinds of coats and sizes for the sake of diversity in the breed. This allows the Dachshund to thrive in many different environments, whether cold or hot. They also have the ability to hunt wild Boar if in a pack of other Dachshunds.
One thing that stands out about this breed is their extreme ability to project their voices. The reason the Dachshund can be known to be so vocal- and very loudly so- is due to their purpose in being bred. Their loud barks in the working environment allow for their owners to be able to track their underground location if hunting for badgers or weasels. So, the next time your “Weenie-Dog” starts making really loud noises, try to think of it more as a potential benefit rather than an annoyance. They’re just trying to do their jobs!
One will notice that all Dachshunds have completely different personalities from another. This is due to selected breeding which again, was used in order to help the Dachshund adapt to different climates and environments. Generally, the Dachshund is a very friendly and “big personality” kind of dog. They can be selective over who their “person” is and most of the time prefer only to see their owners on the other side of the front door to their house- they can be very protective. In fact, Dachshunds tend to grow to be so attached to their owners that they are known to suffer from separation anxiety.
When adopting a Dachshund, always remember to never overfeed them. One of the most common issues in these dogs is their body weight. Typically, they will become overfed which is a huge problem for this breed due to their body shape. Because their legs are so short and their backs are so long, becoming even a little overweight can begin to cause back pain, and the heavier they get, the harder it becomes for them to move around. Herniated disks, as one can imagine, are a constant problem for this breed as they start to get older. Always limit the amount of treats and food scraps that you give your dog, no matter the breed.
Typically, this breed doesn’t shed too terribly much. However, it is imperative to keep up with grooming, especially when it comes to the long haired breed. If their coat isn’t maintained, the Dachshund is at risk for “hot spots” or skin irritation due to their mats constantly pulling at their skin. Always be sure to check your dogs for these spots and for signs of dehydration. Dogs can quickly become dehydrated without their owners realizing it and this breed especially is very hyperactive.
Due to the way that the Dachshund socializes, it is important to socialize them from a very early age. While generally tenacious and easy going, the Dachshund can quickly become timid around strangers. Always make sure that your dog will be able to be cared for by someone else in cases of emergency. Something that is very difficult about this breed when not properly socialized is getting them to come out of their shell around others. This can cause them to become fear aggressive, or just all around timid to the point that their temporary caretakers can’t approach them.
The Dachshund is a very fun and easy going breed with a lot of strong instincts to hunt and work closely alongside their owners. Their personalities make this breed a very contagious love for many. Those who are lucky enough to obtain these dogs will agree- the Dachshund may be small on average, but their personalities are big enough to pin them up against a Rottweiler any day!